The Bukit Tigapuluh Landscape Conservation Programme

Conserving the rainforest environment for the protection of Sumatran wildlife.

Sumatran tiger
Sumatran tiger - less than 400 left in the wild

Welcome to Bukit Tigapuluh National Park, in Sumatra, Indonesia!


Bukit Tigapuluh is a novelty in Indonesian conservation. In 1995, the national park was the first to be established after timber licences had been issued for the forest. At the very last moment, Sumatra’s largest conjoined lowland forest region was saved from chainsaws and bulldozers.


Here we take you into the heart of Sumatra, to the lowland rainforests of Bukit Tigapuluh and on a journey through the work of FZS in Sumatra, Indonesia. Bukit Tigapuluh gives many representatives of the Sumatran megafauna a home. We strive to conserve this precious habitat which harbors Sumatran Elephants, Sumatran Tigers, Malayan Tapirs and now Sumatran Orangutans have been added to this list. 


The Indonesian rain forests are among the designated global megadiversity regions, but forest destruction on the different islands is extremely severe and fast. Thus, despite very complex conditions, there is a dire need for conservation action. The Bukit Tigapuluh Project is part of that action, focussed on practical steps to preserve wildlife and their habitat.


Apart from active conservation of orangutans and Sumatran elephants, the emphasis of the project is to conserve wildlife by conserving their home. Illegal deforestation does not stop at the National Park boundaries and legal deforestation brings humans and wildlife into direct conflict as hungry animals must still find food when their forest is gone.


FZS works to support the national park authorities to safeguard the area and works in collaboration with the provincial administrators to progress land use plans for the areas bordering the park to reduce pressure on the park itself. Additionally, FZS focusses on community engagement through education and sustainable economic development projects for the ethnic groups who live in the national park forests.

What we do to support Bukit Tigapuluh

  • Habitat conservation: lobbying to enlarge the Bukit Tigapuluh (BTP) National Park and to preserve the forest areas outside the park boundary
  • Wildlife conservation: Wildlife Protection Unit ranger patrols, population surveys using camera traps (e.g. Sumatran Tiger, Asian Elephant) 
  • Orangutan conservation: training, reintroduction and monitoring of confiscated Orangutans including vetinerary services and ongoing field research
  • Elephant Conservation: monitoring and reporting on the elephant population, active human-elephant conflict mitigation (HECM) through community training and support to implement crop protection measures
  • Community Development: economic development initiatives to conserve the environment and preserve the traditional way of life of ethnic groups within BTP National Park 
  • Education: Mobile Education Unit (MEU) teaching conservation to the next generation in both urban and isolated rural communities