Central European wilderness

Poland stretches from the sandy beaches of the Baltic Sea in the north to the forested Carpathian Mountains in the south. Large roadless areas and old-growth forests – habitat for wolf, Eurasian lynx, and brown bear – can still be found in the Carpathians. In the east of the country lies the world-famous Bialowieza Forest UNESCO World Heritage Site, one of the last European lowland primeval forests, which also stretches into neighboring Belarus. This transboundary forest is home to the largest free-roaming European bison population.

Nearly 20% of the country is protected by the Natura 2000 Network. The country’s wild landscapes provide key habitat for birds, including 25% of the world population of White Storks, and 25% of the remaining Aquatic Warbler. In the past, Poland held a rich mosaic of habitats resulting from traditional use, but currently, many of these landscapes are threatened by industrial development and urbanization.

Our focus areas in Poland

  • Enlargement and establishment of protected areas
  • Restoration and rewetting to re-establish the natural hydrological regime in the Bialowieza forest
  • Promoting wilderness by communicating its benefits
  • Supporting the East Carpathians UNESCO Man and Biosphere Reserve
Red deer occur widely in the Wolf Mountains, providing a good prey base for large carnivores. © Kamil Soóš / Aevis
The last remnants of Carpathian primary forest in the Polish part of the Wolf Mountains, which our projects aim to protect. © Tomasz Wilk
Herds of wild horses can be encountered in the meadows of the Wolf Mountains. © Tomasz Wilk
Ural Owl occurs in the Carpathians in Poland in mature, but not too dense beech forests. © Kamil Soóš / Aevis
Wild mountain rivers are an important part of the ecosystem and provide habitat for many species. © Tomasz Wilk
The European Bison are found in very few places in Poland, the Wolf Mountains is one of them. © Kamil Soóš / Aevis
A red deer on the edge of the Bialowieza Forest, one of the last and largest virgin lowland forests in Europe. © Daniel Rosengren
The Bialowieza forest is famous for its giant, old oak trees. © Daniel Rosengren
Magnificient views and high mountain meadows draw tourists of Bieszczady National Park.© Tomasz Wilk
Snowdrop flowers in bloom, a protected plant in Poland and usually one of the first signs of spring. © Tomasz Wilk
Meadows among forests are signs of the historical use of the area, as pastures or clear-cuts, now wildlife maintains this habitat. © Tomasz Wilk
A Black Woodpecker feeds its chicks in the Wolf Mountains. © Kamil Soóš / Aevis

Projects in Poland


Expansion of FZS work to Polish part of Bialowieza forest


Start of FZS work in the Polish part of the Carpathians


Strict protection of brown bears (since 1952 the species was partially protected)


Strict protection of wolves in the entire country (partial protection in place since 1995)


Strict protection of Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx) is put in place in Poland. Establishment of Magurski National Park


Enlargement of Bieszczady National Park

1989, 1991, 1996, 1999

Establishment of UNESCO Man and Biosphere Reserve East Carpathians


Establishment of UNESCO World Heritage Białowieża Forest


Establishment of Bieszczady National Park


Establishment of Białowieża National Park



Zoologische Gesellschaft Frankfurt von 1858 e.V.
Bernhard-Grzimek-Allee 1
60316 Frankfurt

Telephone: +49 (0)69 - 94 34 46 0
Fax: +49 (0)69 - 43 93 48

You will find our office in the Zoogesellschaftshaus (1st floor).