Our work focuses on protecting large wilderness areas. By this, we mean large, intact areas where nature can evolve on its own, with no impact from human development. Wilderness areas are a fundamental component in the conservation of biodiversity.

Wilderness means: Nature without people, but for people

Wilderness conservation is the most selfless and charitable form of conservation. Wilderness provides habitats for animals and plants which cannot defend themselves. It also gives future generations a say in their own future. All those who devote themselves to protecting wilderness areas are putting sustainability at the heart of their actions.

Wilderness areas represent important reference zones for our own actions. They are climate change buffers, and they are appealing for suitable types of eco-tourism which can help generate the funds needed for their maintenance.

Why do we need wilderness?

  • Wilderness is essential for protecting biodiversity – especially the diversity of ecosystems and their natural processes
  • Wilderness areas regulate climate and water cycles, are carbon reservoirs, a refuge for plants and animals, they preserve biological data (a source for medications and technological innovations of the future), these areas protect against floods, landslides, pandemics, and a great deal more
  • Wilderness areas serve as unique points of reference on the impact of our actions
  • Wilderness represents consistent sustainability and gives future generations a say in their own future
  • Wilderness offers important recreation and tourism opportunities which generate economic revenue
  • Nature and especially wilderness have an intrinsic value. A value in and of itself that extends beyond being useful to us

The bigger, the richer in species, the more intact - the better

Wildernesses should be as large as possible. In heavily populated Germany there are few wilderness areas and any areas exceeding 1,000 hectares represent an attractive proposition, whereas in Asia it is possible to protect areas between 10,000 and 100,000 hectares in size. In South America and Africa, the scale is larger still, with relevant areas measuring more than half a million hectares.

There are similar gradations in the natural status: in Central Europe, wilderness development areas such as former military exercise zones may even be of interest for nature conservation, whereas in other regions of the world the main focus of the conservation effort is largely preserving intact natural landscapes.

Wilderness still exists and it is in our own best interests to protect the last remaining wilderness regions. But there is also hope for those areas that have been impacted. If near-natural landscapes in Central Europe, for example, are left alone, the wilderness will re-establish itself and the primeval forests of tomorrow will grow back.


Zoologische Gesellschaft Frankfurt von 1858 e.V.
Bernhard-Grzimek-Allee 1
60316 Frankfurt

Telephone: +49 (0)69 - 94 34 46 0
Fax: +49 (0)69 - 43 93 48

You will find our office in the Zoogesellschaftshaus (4th floor).