Andes to Amazon Conservation Programme

Conserving Peru's mega-diverse forests from the eastern slopes of the Andes to the Amazon lowlands

Monitoring in Peru
Giant otter monitoring in Manu National Park
The area of southeastern Peru where the Andes mountains meet the Amazon basin is the most biodiverse area on earth; Manu National Park holds world records for bird, reptile and amphibian diversity. Similarly, the nearby Tambopata National Reserve is known for its butterfly and dragonfly diversity. In Peru, large expanses of pristine forest are still found in various national parks and indigenous reserves. These areas safeguard important populations of threatened species such as the Giant Otter and Andean Bear, and are home to some of the last remaining indigenous communities.

In recent decades, the Peruvian government has set up several, in some cases very large, protected areas such as the Manú, Alto Púrus and Bahuaja-Sonene national parks, the Tambopata and Megantoni national reserves as well as indigenous protected areas. Species that are endangered in other parts of the world like the giant otter, jaguar and Andean bear have important retreat areas and large populations in these protected areas.

Frankfurt Zoological Society (FZS) started working in Peru in 1969 and has since supported various projects to protect threatened species over the next decades. In 1990, FZS began a detailed study of Giant Otter ecology Manu National Park, which evolved into the integrated Andes to Amazon Conservation Programme in 2002. Since then the programmes has grown continously in recent years and now comprises a total of nine protected areas and an area of more than 8 million hectares.

The goal of our programme is the conservation of the species-rich ecosystems of Peru. To achieve this, we focus on the protected areas and work in close collaboration with the Peruvian national protected area authority (SERNANP). FZS supports SERNANP in many fields of work to improve the management of the huge areas and to ensure their longterm protection.

Since 2020, FZS in Peru has therefore been concentrating on four 'landscapes', each with a national park as its core and focus:

  • Putumayo landscape with the Yaguas National Park, the planned Putumayo Communal Reserve and cross-border cooperation with protected areas in Colombia
  • Manu landscape with the Manu National Park, the adjacent Megantoni Reserve, the Amarakaeri Communal Reserve and the indigenous reserve Kugapakori Nahua Nanti
  • Purus landscape with the Alto Purus National Park, the Purus Communal Reserve and the indigenous reserves of Mashco Piro, Murunahua and Madre de Dios
  • Bahuaja-Sonene-Tambopata landscape with the Bahuaja-Sonene National Park, Tambopata National Reserve and an increased cooperation with Madidi National Park in Bolivia

What we do in Peru

  • Support control and surveillance of the huge protected areas through additional patrols, equipment and aerial photo analysis
  • Construct and maintain control posts in protected areas
  • Build capacity for park guards and protected area staff
  • Conduct environmental education in native and rural communities in and around protected areas
  • Develop, plan, and implement ecologically compatible tourism
  • Conduct biological monitoring in protected areas
  • Support sustainable use and participative management of natural resources within the protected areas and buffer zones